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Monday, December 23, 2013

Borrowed Features of The Indian Constitution from Other Countries

From U.K.
Nominal Head - President (like Queen)
Cabinet System of Ministers.
Post of Prime Minister.
Parliamentary Type of Government
Bicameral Parliament
Lower House more powerful
Council of Ministers responsible to Lower House
Speaker in the Lok Sabha
Single citizenship
From United States
Written Constitution
Executive head of state known as President and his being the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces
Vice - President as the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha
Fundamental Rights
Supreme Court
Provision of States
Independence of Judiciary and judicial review
Preamble
Removal of Supreme Court and High Court judges
From USSR
Concurrent List
Language of the preamble
From Australia
Concurrent List
Language of Preamble
Provision regarding trade, commerce
From Japan:
Law on which the Supreme Court function
From Weimar Constitution of Germany:
Suspension of Fundamental Rights during the emergency
From South Africa:
Procedure of Constitutional Amendments
From Canada:
Scheme of federation with a strong centre
Distribution of powers between Centre and the States and placing. Residuary Power with the Centre
From Ireland:
Concept of Directive Principles of State Policy (Ireland borrowed it from SPAIN)
Method of election of the President
Nomination of members in the Rajya Sabha by the President
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